Researchers have developed alternative solutions to address those gaps. For example, the study of well-educated Asian Americans is made possible by a national survey of college graduates. The survey, conducted by the Census Bureau, is conducted every two to three years and is conducted in the US It tracks the results of college graduates. Due to their strong presence in higher education and administrative jobs, Asian Americans are well represented in this survey. The survey also includes the origin of the first generation of Asian Americans. “That means you can really divide Asian Americans into ethnic groups. So for well-educated Asian Americans, we have a data set,” says Kim.
Using that data, Kim's research has revealed disparities even among this select group. American-born college-educated Asian American men earn 8 percent less than white men with the same level of education and college majors, Kim and Sakamoto reported in 2010 in the American Sociological Review. Similarly, Asian American women are less likely to hold managerial positions than white women with similar qualifications, as noted by Kim in Social Forces in 2014. For both men and women, these disadvantages are evident in most Asian ethnic groups.
Similar data sets do not exist for less educated Asian Americans. For example, six of the eight victims of the Atlanta mass shooting in March were Asian American women and likely labor activists, Kim says. Asian American workers are the most invisible members of an already invisible group. "We need to know who they are, what they need," says Kim. For example, little is known about whether these activists have access to relevant social programs or whether those programs are culturally appropriate and focused on the job changes brought.
Recently, Kim and her colleagues focused on the job changes brought on by the pandemic. They used short-term census data and looked for changes in individual employment from January to August 2020. When Kim entered the data, she says she was surprised to learn that Asian Americans who did not have a bachelor's degree were more likely to lose their jobs during that period. She closes earlier in April and May 2020 than any other demographic. The finding appeared in the February Research on Social Stratification and Mobility.
Kim was unable to disaggregate the data further to see which Asian American ethnic groups suffered the most. An anti-racism poster in the Brooklyn, New York subway aims to counter the wave of violence against Asian Americans in the wake of the emergence of COVID-19 in China. However, the rise of Asian Americans from the shadows has shed light on how little is known about members of this group or how to protect them from such vitriol.
In the absence of a specific effort to study Asian Americans, progress in understanding this demographic will be limited, says Kim. At this point, when she presents the study focused on Asian Americans, she includes an extensive explanation of the need for such work. He combines those statistics to show how fast the Asian-American population is growing. And he argues that the experiences of Asian Americans may help explain how immigrants do or do not assimilate into the United States. He is particularly interested in understanding how the assimilation process varies by socioeconomic status, gender, and country of birth. For example, how does the life path of a working Asian immigrant differ from that of a third generation Asian American born in the United States?
Some science museums had sufficient funds to get by, so they were quick to seek support. They started new charity drives, applied for government loans, and sought grants and support from community organizations or corporations. While trying to fulfill his life, he also realized that he would have to go back to work on his schedules if he wanted to survive. Over the past year, they have launched a variety of exhibits and offerings that are not tied to their physical buildings and have helped educate the public about COVID-19. Some museums have even found creative ways to meet the serious needs of the community, providing everything from babysitting to fresh food. At the same time, these institutions have redefined what modern science museums can be and how they relate to the world beyond their walls. Although many museums are in various stages of reopening, their experiences from the past year can leave a lasting legacy. When the museums were initially closed last year, most administrators thought the outage would only last a few months. In those early days and weeks, institutions switched to crisis response mode, struggling to create some kind of public programming. “In a couple of weeks, we were developing what we would now call the ‘minimum viable product,'” says Tim Ritchie, president of the Boston Science Museum. Staff members who normally spent their days giving face-to-face presentations within the museum on topics ranging from reptiles to space, began giving those talks on Zoom.
On January 30, 2020, Science Gallery Dublin brought together a small group of experts to discuss a strange new disease that has recently emerged in China. Four panelists talk about the origins of the new coronavirus, whether in Hawaii and the possibilities of a vaccine. While agreeing that it was important to take the virus seriously, the speakers urged the audience not to panic. There were no known cases in Ireland. The prospect of a local outbreak seemed remote and that was the last live event we had at the gallery, says Isling Murray.
The gallery’s chief programming officer. On the same day, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a “public health emergency of international concern.” Six weeks later, with the increase in cases around the world, Science Gallery Dublin closed its doors. It was a time of reckoning. “What good is a science gallery when we don’t have space! Murray remembers the surprise. “How do we continue to attract our audience! When the COVID-19 pandemic spiraled out of control in March 2020, science museums around the world were forced to suddenly close.
Within days, ticket revenue disappeared. “It was an existential crisis,” says Christopher Nelson, president and CEO of the Association of Science and Technology Centers, or ASTC, in Washington, D.C. The fundamental business, operations, staffing and community service model of these organizations disappeared overnight. And the question was ‘What do we do now?’ The ASTC estimates that the weeks and months that followed were excruciatingly difficult for science museums, which lost more than $ 600 million in revenue in the first six months of the pandemic.
Many institutions did the same, making some of their traditional performances and events virtual. In late March 2020, the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco had changed its program to what was called Nightlife, a regular Thursday night event that increased fees from $ 10 to $ 20 for admission to the museum of science, music and cocktails. In a free weekly online program called NightSchool. The Great Lakes Science Center in Cleveland turns your in-person demonstration into Curiosity Corner Live! This daily YouTube broadcast included science demonstrations and activities, such as building a catapult and a lava lamp, for children and families to do at home. Seattle’s Pacific Science Center filmed Live Science, showing that he usually performs in person and films a series of behind-the-scenes videos, including Senora the Tarantula, Rigatoni the Western Hognose Snake, and others. Animals are included. “We recorded everything as fast as we could,” says Zeta Strickland, director of the Center for PreK-12 Engagement. The center’s most popular live science show, Dahan, has garnered more than 6,500 views on YouTube. At the beginning of the pandemic, many science museums were quick to turn their personal exhibits into online videos. In a video, Marisa Viall from the Pacific Science Center shares the wonders of combustion.