Homo erectus, our ancient ancestor, the extinct human ancestor homo erectus evolved in Africa. According to research published in Science [January], Homo erectus arrived on the Indonesian island of Java 1.3 million and 1.5 million years ago. This is about 300,000 to 500,000 years later than the previous estimate, established in 1994 by Rutgers archaeologist Carl Switzer.
The revised deadline will help match the discrepancies in the archaeological record and possibly clarify a long-running debate about the geographical origin of this species. Archaeological evidence suggests that the species originated in Africa, but the extraordinary ancient date provided by Switzer suggests that Asia gave birth to this hominin, Homo habilis probably represents its original species.
It may not seem like a big difference, but in those 200,000 to 500,000 years the balance goes back to Homo erectus, an African development center, and the morphological differences seen in a major climate between young and old hominins in Sangiran. Which happened 12.2 million years ago, “said Westaway [gynecologist Kira].
homo erectus is the first human ancestor to
This latest research points to the benefits of reviewing archaeological sites. Discoveries should almost never be considered as an individual project, as emerging technologies can provide new ways of studying the past. An Archeological Site In Sangiran, 300,000 Years Later.
Homo Erectus arrived in Java approximately 1.3 million years ago, Homo Erectus is a hominid species that originated in equatorial Africa. The Eurasian Caucasus region reached the island of Java, Indonesia, some 300 million years ago. According to an analysis of zirconia grains in tuffs from an archeological site in Sangiran, 300,000 years later, as previously thought.
The archaeological site of Sangiran, a World Heritage Site in Central Java, is widely considered one of the most important sites for understanding the evolution of our first ancestors and their slow march around the world. It has produced a constant flow of Homo Erectus found since 1936, based on 100 samples so far.
However, despite decades of research, the chronology of the Sangiran site remains uncertain and controversial and particularly at the time of the first appearance of Homo Erectus in the region. To resolve this long-standing chronological dispute, Dr. of Japan’s National Museum of Nature and Science. Shuji Matsuura and zircon used a combination of fission track and uranium / lead (u-Pub) to determine the age of the grain.
Above, below and within the impacting layers of the fossil deposits of the conglomerate. They discovered that the first date of appearance of homind Sangarin is 1.3 million years ago and 1.5 million years earlier. Regarding the date of the first appearance of homo erectus in the Sangiran region, our results provide a possible date of 1.3 million years ago and a maximum possible date of 1.45 million years.
The researchers said: Another hominid specimen that is claimed to be the oldest Homo Erectus in Java is the Mojocorto skull from the perch site in East Java, he said. This skull is now at least 1.49 million years old. Therefore, the hominid dispersion in Java was resolved less than 1.5 million years ago. The findings were published in the January 10 issue of the Journal Science.
Archaid Hominids arrived in the Philippines 700,000 years ago. An international team of scientists has discovered 57 stone and bone tools of butcher’s animals in Kalinga, in the Cagayan Valley, in northern Luzon. The largest and largest island in the Philippines. With an almost complete skeleton of extinct rhino philosophers showing clear signs of extinction, the team unearthed six cores, 49 scales and two possible hammer stones.
Many Rhinoceros philippinensis bones had cut marks and the bones of the left and right humerus had bruises from hammer stones, presumably to gain access to the bone marrow. Other fossils found at the Kalinga site include stegodons, Philippine brown deer, freshwater turtles and monitor lizards. Fossil and stone tools were found in the soil bed between 777,000 and 631,000 years ago.
This conclusion was reached by combining several dating methods, confirming that Rhino’s carnage took place some 700,000 years ago. Kalinga alters our understanding of hominid colonization in the Philippines, the researchers said. Prior to this investigation, the earliest evidence of hominids in the region was a 67,000-year-old foot bone found in a nearby Cauva cave.
This suggests that the spread of major hominids throughout the region has increased many times and that the Philippines may have played a central role. It was very likely that these first humans extended from north to south along the lazons as one of the rocks that travel south through the Southeast Asia of the island and, finally, to ancestral populations.
To give In light of reaching the floors that led to the birth of Homo flippensis, team members Dr. Gerrit van den Berg is a researcher at the Center for Archaeological Sciences at the University of Wollongong, Australia. Our hypothesis is that the ancestors of Homo fluorescens came from the north, instead of traveling east from Java and Bali.
Until recently, it was believed that the main housewives could not reach other islands of Luzon and Wallacea or islands east of the Wallace Line, separated from the rest of Asia. Australia by deep water because it was believed they were not supposed to have boats & west of the Wallace line joined the mainland when the sea surface was low. However, the discovery of Homo florescensis on the Indonesian island of Floors in 2003 and other recent discoveries in neighboring Sulawesi suggest that the hominids were in Velasi a long time ago.
Recently exposed evidence suggests that the ancestors of Homo florescensis were on the floors 700,000 years ago, at the same time that the hominid were present in the lugin. Dr. The spread of organisms across the Vulcan Islands supports the theory of hominid colonialism, said van den Berg. “If you look at fossils and recent organisms, you see that there is a weakness as you move from north to south: (i) In Luzon you will find scythes, elephants, giant rats, rhinos, deer, large reptiles and a variety.”
Water fossils are found:
- water buffalo
- In Sulawesi, the fossil is already bad
- here is no evidence of rhinos or deer entering there
- then, in the floats, you only have stegodone
- and drag of human komodo
- giant rat, which was everything
If the animals have accidentally reached these islands by entering the sea and following the currents of the south, it is expected that there will be fewer species in the south, and what we see is that. While it is unlikely, if not probable, that the first human settlers in the Philippines could build simple rafts.
The team believes that they are more than likely to occur by accident. Dr. Van den Berg said: They must have been caught in a tsunami and gone to the ocean. Such strange and accidental incidents are responsible for these human and animal movements. This area is technically active, so tsunamis are common and grow every hundred years or so.
homo erectus skull
In addition to the fact that he made stone tools, scientists know very little about the butchers of rhino philosophers in Kalinga. Dr. van van Berg said: Possibly they were related to Homo Erectus and most likely the ancestors of humans found in the cave of Callao. Modern humans did not arrive in the Philippines until about 50,000 years ago – Van den Berg said. The team’s results appear in the Nature Journal.
43,900 year old cave painting, a human being in human part: Archaeologists who excavated the limestone cave of Leung Bulu ‘Sipong 4, located on Sulawesi Island, Indonesia and discovered a painting that is approximately 43,900 years old and is a group of abstract creatures that combine the qualities of’ people and Animals Represents. Small animals such as wild hunting pigs and spears.
This hunting scene is currently the oldest illustrated storytelling record and the oldest figurative art in the world. Leung Bulu ‘Sipong 4 presents simple figures with a human predatory body represented in ancient rock art panels but they are represented with species of birds, reptiles and other creatures such as the head of Sulawesi or other parts of the body, said Dr. Adi Agus Octaviana, researcher at Griffith University and researcher at Pusat Penelitian Arkologie National.
These therapists are represented in the act of killing or catching six migratory mammals, two Sulawesi wart pigs and four dwarf buffaloes known as Anas. The latter are small but fierce bovids that still inhabit the shrinking forests of the island. Surprisingly, some figures seem to be using long ropes to capture these dangerous animals.
Dr. Octaviana and his colleagues measured the radioactive decay of uranium and other elements within the mineral development formed in cave paintings, providing a minimum age of 35,100 to 43,900 years for the underlying art. According to scientists, the first rock art of mankind appeared in Europe and consisted of abstract symbols. 35,000 years ago.
It was considered that this simple art form had evolved into a more sophisticated artistic culture characterized by high figurative paintings of horses and other animals. It was also thought that innovative concepts of artistic expression, such as compositions with multiple themes of interaction, and representations of fictional entities such as medical institutions, were very unusual until about 20,000 years ago.
Professor Enemert Ort of Griffith University said: The cave painting by Leenag Bulu Sipong 4 shows that there was no gradual development of the Paleolithic art from simple to complex about 35,000 years ago. All the main components of ultramodern artistic culture existed 44,000 years ago in Sulawesi, including figurative art, visualization and healing.
The images of practitioners in Leang Bulu ‘Sipong 4 can also represent the earliest evidence of our ability to imagine things that exist in the natural world, a central concept that underlies modern religion, said Dr. Adam also Broome..Griffith University. Therianthropes are found in folklore or the fables of almost all modern societies and are considered gods, spirits or ancestral beings in many religions around the world.
advanced artistic culture
Sulawesi is now home to the oldest image of this type, even before the ‘lion-man’ of Germany, an idol of a lion-headed human, 40,000 years old, by far the greatest doctor. There was a old drawing. The first Indonesians were creating art that may have expressed spiritual thinking about the special bond between humans and animals long before the first art was created in Europe, where it is often believed that modern religious culture Roots can be traced.
The ‘oldest work of art in the world’ exhibited in the Indonesian cave: The studio’s 4.5-meter painting is believed to be pursued by 44,000-year-old half-human hunters armed with wild animals. Indonesian cave painting depicting a prehistoric hunting illustration may be the oldest figurative work of art in the world, which according to new research is approximately 44,000 years old, pointing to an advanced artistic culture.
Discovered two years ago on the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia, the 4.5-meter-wide painting features wild animals chased by half-baked hunters who appear on spears and ropes, The study, published in Nature on Wednesday, claims. Using the dating technique, the team at Griffith University in Australia said they have confirmed that the painting of a limestone cave during the Upper Paleolithic period is at least 43,900 years old.
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This hunting scene is, to our knowledge, currently the oldest illustrated storytelling record and the oldest rhetorical work of art in the world, the researchers said. The discovery comes after the painting of an animal in a cave on the Indonesian island of Borneo that was at least 40,000 years old. For many years, rock art originated in Europe, but Indonesian cave paintings have challenged that theory.
human language development
There are at least 242 caves or shelters with old images in Sulawesi alone, and new sites are discovered annually, the team said. In the last dated scene. The hunter is depicted in dark red with a human body and the head of animals, birds, and reptiles. The painting, which is in poor condition, suggests that due to folklore, religious myths, and spiritual beliefs, a highly advanced artistic culture existed about 44,000 years ago, the team said.
Sight can be considered not only as the oldest figurative art in the world, but also as the earliest evidence for communicating a narrative in paleolithic art, the researchers said. This is remarkable, given that the ability to make up fictional stories may be the last and most important stage in the history of human language development and the development of modern cognitive patterns. The findings were published online this week in the Journal Nature.